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/* $OpenBSD: getopt_long.c,v 1.17 2004/06/03 18:46:52 millert Exp $ */
/* $NetBSD: getopt_long.c,v 1.15 2002/01/31 22:43:40 tv Exp $ */
/*
* Copyright (c) 2002 Todd C. Miller <Todd.Miller@courtesan.com>
*
* Permission to use, copy, modify, and distribute this software for any
* purpose with or without fee is hereby granted, provided that the above
* copyright notice and this permission notice appear in all copies.
*
* THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
* WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
* MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
* ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
* WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
* ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF
* OR IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE.
*
* Sponsored in part by the Defense Advanced Research Projects
* Agency (DARPA) and Air Force Research Laboratory, Air Force
* Materiel Command, USAF, under agreement number F39502-99-1-0512.
*/
/*-
* Copyright (c) 2000 The NetBSD Foundation, Inc.
* All rights reserved.
*
* This code is derived from software contributed to The NetBSD Foundation
* by Dieter Baron and Thomas Klausner.
*
* Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
* modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
* are met:
* 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
* 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
* notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
* documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
* 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
* must display the following acknowledgement:
* This product includes software developed by the NetBSD
* Foundation, Inc. and its contributors.
* 4. Neither the name of The NetBSD Foundation nor the names of its
* contributors may be used to endorse or promote products derived
* from this software without specific prior written permission.
*
* THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE NETBSD FOUNDATION, INC. AND CONTRIBUTORS
* ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED
* TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
* PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE FOUNDATION OR CONTRIBUTORS
* BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
* CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
* SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
* INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
* CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
* ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
* POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
*/
/*
Modified by Sebastien Marinier for windows OS
*/
#if 0
#if defined(LIBC_SCCS) && !defined(lint)
static char *rcsid = "$OpenBSD: getopt_long.c,v 1.16 2004/02/04 18:17:25 millert Exp $";
#endif /* LIBC_SCCS and not lint */
#endif
#ifdef _MSC_VER
#include "getopt.h"
static void warnx() {
}
#else
#include <sys/cdefs.h>
__FBSDID("$FreeBSD: /repoman/r/ncvs/src/lib/libc/stdlib/getopt_long.c,v 1.12 2004/07/06 13:58:45 ache Exp $");
#include <err.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <getopt.h>
#endif
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#define GNU_COMPATIBLE /* Be more compatible, configure's use us! */
#ifndef GNU_COMPATIBLE
#define REPLACE_GETOPT /* use this getopt as the system getopt(3) */
#endif
#ifdef REPLACE_GETOPT
int opterr = 1; /* if error message should be printed */
int optind = 1; /* index into parent argv vector */
int optopt = '?'; /* character checked for validity */
int optreset; /* reset getopt */
char *optarg; /* argument associated with option */
#endif
#define PRINT_ERROR ((opterr) && (*options != ':'))
#define FLAG_PERMUTE 0x01 /* permute non-options to the end of argv */
#define FLAG_ALLARGS 0x02 /* treat non-options as args to option "-1" */
#define FLAG_LONGONLY 0x04 /* operate as getopt_long_only */
/* return values */
#define BADCH (int)'?'
#define BADARG ((*options == ':') ? (int)':' : (int)'?')
#define INORDER (int)1
#define EMSG ""
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
#define NO_PREFIX (-1)
#define D_PREFIX 0
#define DD_PREFIX 1
#define W_PREFIX 2
#endif
static int getopt_internal(int, char * const *, const char *,
const struct option *, int *, int);
static int parse_long_options(char * const *, const char *,
const struct option *, int *, int, int);
static int gcd(int, int);
static void permute_args(int, int, int, char * const *);
static char *place = EMSG; /* option letter processing */
/* XXX: set optreset to 1 rather than these two */
static int nonopt_start = -1; /* first non option argument (for permute) */
static int nonopt_end = -1; /* first option after non options (for permute) */
/* Error messages */
static const char recargchar[] = "option requires an argument -- %c";
static const char illoptchar[] = "illegal option -- %c"; /* From P1003.2 */
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
static int dash_prefix = NO_PREFIX;
static const char gnuoptchar[] = "invalid option -- %c";
static const char recargstring[] = "option `%s%s' requires an argument";
static const char ambig[] = "option `%s%.*s' is ambiguous";
static const char noarg[] = "option `%s%.*s' doesn't allow an argument";
static const char illoptstring[] = "unrecognized option `%s%s'";
#else
static const char recargstring[] = "option requires an argument -- %s";
static const char ambig[] = "ambiguous option -- %.*s";
static const char noarg[] = "option doesn't take an argument -- %.*s";
static const char illoptstring[] = "unknown option -- %s";
#endif
/*
* Compute the greatest common divisor of a and b.
*/
static int
gcd(int a, int b)
{
int c;
c = a % b;
while (c != 0) {
a = b;
b = c;
c = a % b;
}
return (b);
}
/*
* Exchange the block from nonopt_start to nonopt_end with the block
* from nonopt_end to opt_end (keeping the same order of arguments
* in each block).
*/
static void
permute_args(int panonopt_start, int panonopt_end, int opt_end,
char * const *nargv)
{
int cstart, cyclelen, i, j, ncycle, nnonopts, nopts, pos;
char *swap;
/*
* compute lengths of blocks and number and size of cycles
*/
nnonopts = panonopt_end - panonopt_start;
nopts = opt_end - panonopt_end;
ncycle = gcd(nnonopts, nopts);
cyclelen = (opt_end - panonopt_start) / ncycle;
for (i = 0; i < ncycle; i++) {
cstart = panonopt_end+i;
pos = cstart;
for (j = 0; j < cyclelen; j++) {
if (pos >= panonopt_end)
pos -= nnonopts;
else
pos += nopts;
swap = nargv[pos];
/* LINTED const cast */
((char **) nargv)[pos] = nargv[cstart];
/* LINTED const cast */
((char **)nargv)[cstart] = swap;
}
}
}
/*
* parse_long_options --
* Parse long options in argc/argv argument vector.
* Returns -1 if short_too is set and the option does not match long_options.
*/
static int
parse_long_options(char * const *nargv, const char *options,
const struct option *long_options, int *idx, int short_too, int flags)
{
char *current_argv, *has_equal;
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
char *current_dash;
#endif
size_t current_argv_len;
int i, match, exact_match, second_partial_match;
current_argv = place;
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
switch (dash_prefix) {
case D_PREFIX:
current_dash = "-";
break;
case DD_PREFIX:
current_dash = "--";
break;
case W_PREFIX:
current_dash = "-W ";
break;
default:
current_dash = "";
break;
}
#endif
match = -1;
exact_match = 0;
second_partial_match = 0;
optind++;
if ((has_equal = strchr(current_argv, '=')) != NULL) {
/* argument found (--option=arg) */
current_argv_len = has_equal - current_argv;
has_equal++;
} else
current_argv_len = strlen(current_argv);
for (i = 0; long_options[i].name; i++) {
/* find matching long option */
if (strncmp(current_argv, long_options[i].name,
current_argv_len))
continue;
if (strlen(long_options[i].name) == current_argv_len) {
/* exact match */
match = i;
exact_match = 1;
break;
}
/*
* If this is a known short option, don't allow
* a partial match of a single character.
*/
if (short_too && current_argv_len == 1)
continue;
if (match == -1) /* first partial match */
match = i;
else if ((flags & FLAG_LONGONLY) ||
long_options[i].has_arg !=
long_options[match].has_arg ||
long_options[i].flag != long_options[match].flag ||
long_options[i].val != long_options[match].val)
second_partial_match = 1;
}
if (!exact_match && second_partial_match) {
/* ambiguous abbreviation */
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(ambig,
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
current_dash,
#endif
(int)current_argv_len,
current_argv);
optopt = 0;
return (BADCH);
}
if (match != -1) { /* option found */
if (long_options[match].has_arg == no_argument
&& has_equal) {
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(noarg,
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
current_dash,
#endif
(int)current_argv_len,
current_argv);
/*
* XXX: GNU sets optopt to val regardless of flag
*/
if (long_options[match].flag == NULL)
optopt = long_options[match].val;
else
optopt = 0;
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
return (BADCH);
#else
return (BADARG);
#endif
}
if (long_options[match].has_arg == required_argument ||
long_options[match].has_arg == optional_argument) {
if (has_equal)
optarg = has_equal;
else if (long_options[match].has_arg ==
required_argument) {
/*
* optional argument doesn't use next nargv
*/
optarg = nargv[optind++];
}
}
if ((long_options[match].has_arg == required_argument)
&& (optarg == NULL)) {
/*
* Missing argument; leading ':' indicates no error
* should be generated.
*/
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(recargstring,
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
current_dash,
#endif
current_argv);
/*
* XXX: GNU sets optopt to val regardless of flag
*/
if (long_options[match].flag == NULL)
optopt = long_options[match].val;
else
optopt = 0;
--optind;
return (BADARG);
}
} else { /* unknown option */
if (short_too) {
--optind;
return (-1);
}
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(illoptstring,
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
current_dash,
#endif
current_argv);
optopt = 0;
return (BADCH);
}
if (idx)
*idx = match;
if (long_options[match].flag) {
*long_options[match].flag = long_options[match].val;
return (0);
} else
return (long_options[match].val);
}
/*
* getopt_internal --
* Parse argc/argv argument vector. Called by user level routines.
*/
static int
getopt_internal(int nargc, char * const *nargv, const char *options,
const struct option *long_options, int *idx, int flags)
{
char *oli; /* option letter list index */
int optchar, short_too;
int posixly_correct;
if (options == NULL)
return (-1);
/*
* Disable GNU extensions if POSIXLY_CORRECT is set or options
* string begins with a '+'.
*/
posixly_correct = (getenv("POSIXLY_CORRECT") != NULL);
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
if (*options == '-')
flags |= FLAG_ALLARGS;
else if (posixly_correct || *options == '+')
flags &= ~FLAG_PERMUTE;
#else
if (posixly_correct || *options == '+')
flags &= ~FLAG_PERMUTE;
else if (*options == '-')
flags |= FLAG_ALLARGS;
#endif
if (*options == '+' || *options == '-')
options++;
/*
* XXX Some GNU programs (like cvs) set optind to 0 instead of
* XXX using optreset. Work around this braindamage.
*/
if (optind == 0)
optind = optreset = 1;
optarg = NULL;
if (optreset)
nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
start:
if (optreset || !*place) { /* update scanning pointer */
optreset = 0;
if (optind >= nargc) { /* end of argument vector */
place = EMSG;
if (nonopt_end != -1) {
/* do permutation, if we have to */
permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
optind, nargv);
optind -= nonopt_end - nonopt_start;
}
else if (nonopt_start != -1) {
/*
* If we skipped non-options, set optind
* to the first of them.
*/
optind = nonopt_start;
}
nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
return (-1);
}
if (*(place = nargv[optind]) != '-' ||
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
place[1] == '\0') {
#else
(place[1] == '\0' && strchr(options, '-') == NULL)) {
#endif
place = EMSG; /* found non-option */
if (flags & FLAG_ALLARGS) {
/*
* GNU extension:
* return non-option as argument to option 1
*/
optarg = nargv[optind++];
return (INORDER);
}
if (!(flags & FLAG_PERMUTE)) {
/*
* If no permutation wanted, stop parsing
* at first non-option.
*/
return (-1);
}
/* do permutation */
if (nonopt_start == -1)
nonopt_start = optind;
else if (nonopt_end != -1) {
permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
optind, nargv);
nonopt_start = optind -
(nonopt_end - nonopt_start);
nonopt_end = -1;
}
optind++;
/* process next argument */
goto start;
}
if (nonopt_start != -1 && nonopt_end == -1)
nonopt_end = optind;
/*
* If we have "-" do nothing, if "--" we are done.
*/
if (place[1] != '\0' && *++place == '-' && place[1] == '\0') {
optind++;
place = EMSG;
/*
* We found an option (--), so if we skipped
* non-options, we have to permute.
*/
if (nonopt_end != -1) {
permute_args(nonopt_start, nonopt_end,
optind, nargv);
optind -= nonopt_end - nonopt_start;
}
nonopt_start = nonopt_end = -1;
return (-1);
}
}
/*
* Check long options if:
* 1) we were passed some
* 2) the arg is not just "-"
* 3) either the arg starts with -- we are getopt_long_only()
*/
if (long_options != NULL && place != nargv[optind] &&
(*place == '-' || (flags & FLAG_LONGONLY))) {
short_too = 0;
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
dash_prefix = D_PREFIX;
#endif
if (*place == '-') {
place++; /* --foo long option */
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
dash_prefix = DD_PREFIX;
#endif
} else if (*place != ':' && strchr(options, *place) != NULL)
short_too = 1; /* could be short option too */
optchar = parse_long_options(nargv, options, long_options,
idx, short_too, flags);
if (optchar != -1) {
place = EMSG;
return (optchar);
}
}
if ((optchar = (int)*place++) == (int)':' ||
(optchar == (int)'-' && *place != '\0') ||
(oli = strchr(options, optchar)) == NULL) {
/*
* If the user specified "-" and '-' isn't listed in
* options, return -1 (non-option) as per POSIX.
* Otherwise, it is an unknown option character (or ':').
*/
if (optchar == (int)'-' && *place == '\0')
return (-1);
if (!*place)
++optind;
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(posixly_correct ? illoptchar : gnuoptchar,
optchar);
#else
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(illoptchar, optchar);
#endif
optopt = optchar;
return (BADCH);
}
if (long_options != NULL && optchar == 'W' && oli[1] == ';') {
/* -W long-option */
if (*place) /* no space */
/* NOTHING */;
else if (++optind >= nargc) { /* no arg */
place = EMSG;
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(recargchar, optchar);
optopt = optchar;
return (BADARG);
} else /* white space */
place = nargv[optind];
#ifdef GNU_COMPATIBLE
dash_prefix = W_PREFIX;
#endif
optchar = parse_long_options(nargv, options, long_options,
idx, 0, flags);
place = EMSG;
return (optchar);
}
if (*++oli != ':') { /* doesn't take argument */
if (!*place)
++optind;
} else { /* takes (optional) argument */
optarg = NULL;
if (*place) /* no white space */
optarg = place;
/* XXX: disable test for :: if PC? (GNU doesn't) */
else if (oli[1] != ':') { /* arg not optional */
if (++optind >= nargc) { /* no arg */
place = EMSG;
if (PRINT_ERROR)
warnx(recargchar, optchar);
optopt = optchar;
return (BADARG);
} else
optarg = nargv[optind];
} else if (!(flags & FLAG_PERMUTE)) {
/*
* If permutation is disabled, we can accept an
* optional arg separated by whitespace so long
* as it does not start with a dash (-).
*/
if (optind + 1 < nargc && *nargv[optind + 1] != '-')
optarg = nargv[++optind];
}
place = EMSG;
++optind;
}
/* dump back option letter */
return (optchar);
}
#ifdef REPLACE_GETOPT
/*
* getopt --
* Parse argc/argv argument vector.
*
* [eventually this will replace the BSD getopt]
*/
int
getopt(int nargc, char * const *nargv, const char *options)
{
/*
* We don't pass FLAG_PERMUTE to getopt_internal() since
* the BSD getopt(3) (unlike GNU) has never done this.
*
* Furthermore, since many privileged programs call getopt()
* before dropping privileges it makes sense to keep things
* as simple (and bug-free) as possible.
*/
return (getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, NULL, NULL, 0));
}
#endif /* REPLACE_GETOPT */
/*
* getopt_long --
* Parse argc/argv argument vector.
*/
int
getopt_long(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx)
int nargc;
char * const *nargv;
const char *options;
const struct option *long_options;
int *idx;
{
return (getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx,
FLAG_PERMUTE));
}
/*
* getopt_long_only --
* Parse argc/argv argument vector.
*/
int
getopt_long_only(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx)
int nargc;
char * const *nargv;
const char *options;
const struct option *long_options;
int *idx;
{
return (getopt_internal(nargc, nargv, options, long_options, idx,
FLAG_PERMUTE|FLAG_LONGONLY));
}