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Windows: Call TerminateProcess, not ExitProcess

Ty Baen-Price explains:

> Problem and Resolution:
> The following lines of code make use of the Microsoft API ExitProcess:
> ```
> Apps\Speed.c line 335:	ExitProcess(ret);
> Ms\uplink.c line 22: ExitProcess(1);
> ```
> These function calls are made after fatal errors are detected and
> program termination is desired. ExitProcess(), however causes
> _orderly_ shutdown of a process and all its threads, i.e. it unloads
> all dlls and runs all destructors. See MSDN for details of exactly
> what happens
> (
> The MSDN page states that ExitProcess should never be called unless
> it is _known to be safe_ to call it. These calls should simply be
> replaced with calls to TerminateProcess(), which is what should be
> called for _disorderly_ shutdown.
> An example of usage:
> ```
> TerminateProcess(GetCurrentProcess(), exitcode);
> ```
> Effect of Problem:
> Because of a compilation error (wrong c++ runtime), my program
> executed the uplink.c ExitProcess() call. This caused the single
> OpenSSL thread to start executing the destructors of all my dlls,
> and their objects. Unfortunately, about 30 other threads were
> happily using those objects at that time, eventually causing a
> 0xC0000005 ACCESS_VIOLATION. Obviously an ACCESS_VIOLATION is the
> best case scenario, as I'm sure you can imagine at the consequences
> of undiscovered memory corruption, even in a terminating process.

And on the subject of `TerminateProcess()` being asynchronous:

> That is technically true, but I think it's probably synchronous
> "enough" for your purposes, since a call to TerminateProcess
> suspends execution of all threads in the target process. This means
> it's really only asynchronous if you're calling TerminateProcess one
> some _other_ process. If you're calling TerminateProcess on your own
> process, you'll never return from the TerminateProcess call.

Fixes #2489
Was originally RT-4526

Reviewed-by: Matt Caswell <>
(Merged from
Richard Levitte 3 years ago
1 changed files with 1 additions and 1 deletions
  1. +1

+ 1
- 1
ms/uplink.c View File

@ -28,7 +28,7 @@ static TCHAR msg[128];
static void unimplemented(void)
OPENSSL_showfatal(sizeof(TCHAR) == sizeof(char) ? "%s\n" : "%S\n", msg);
TerminateProcess(GetCurrentProcess(), 1);
void OPENSSL_Uplink(volatile void **table, int index)