A local copy of OpenSSL from GitHub
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Design document for the unified scheme data
===========================================

How are things connected?
-------------------------

The unified scheme takes all its data from the build.info files seen
throughout the source tree. These files hold the minimum information
needed to build end product files from diverse sources. See the
section on build.info files below.

From the information in build.info files, Configure builds up an
information database as a hash table called %unified_info, which is
stored in configdata.pm, found at the top of the build tree (which may
or may not be the same as the source tree).

Configurations/common.tmpl uses the data from %unified_info to
generate the rules for building end product files as well as
intermediary files with the help of a few functions found in the
build-file templates. See the section on build-file templates further
down for more information.

build.info files
----------------

As mentioned earlier, build.info files are meant to hold the minimum
information needed to build output files, and therefore only (with a
few possible exceptions [1]) have information about end products (such
as scripts, library files and programs) and source files (such as C
files, C header files, assembler files, etc). Intermediate files such
as object files are rarely directly referred to in build.info files (and
when they are, it's always with the file name extension .o), they are
inferred by Configure. By the same rule of minimalism, end product
file name extensions (such as .so, .a, .exe, etc) are never mentioned
in build.info. Their file name extensions will be inferred by the
build-file templates, adapted for the platform they are meant for (see
sections on %unified_info and build-file templates further down).

The variables PROGRAMS, LIBS, ENGINES and SCRIPTS are used to declare
end products.

The variables SOURCE, DEPEND, INCLUDE and ORDINALS are indexed by a
produced file, and their values are the source used to produce that
particular produced file, extra dependencies, include directories
needed, and ordinal files (explained further below.

All their values in all the build.info throughout the source tree are
collected together and form a set of programs, libraries, engines and
scripts to be produced, source files, dependencies, etc etc etc.

Let's have a pretend example, a very limited contraption of OpenSSL,
composed of the program 'apps/openssl', the libraries 'libssl' and
'libcrypto', an engine 'engines/ossltest' and their sources and
dependencies.

# build.info
LIBS=libcrypto libssl
ORDINALS[libcrypto]=crypto
ORDINALS[libssl]=ssl
INCLUDE[libcrypto]=include
INCLUDE[libssl]=include
DEPEND[libssl]=libcrypto

This is the top directory build.info file, and it tells us that two
libraries are to be built, there are some ordinals to be used to
declare what symbols in those libraries are seen as public, the
include directory 'include/' shall be used throughout when building
anything that will end up in each library, and that the library
'libssl' depend on the library 'libcrypto' to function properly.

# apps/build.info
PROGRAMS=openssl
SOURCE[openssl]=openssl.c
INCLUDE[openssl]=.. ../include
DEPEND[openssl]=../libssl

This is the build.info file in 'apps/', one may notice that all file
paths mentioned are relative to the directory the build.info file is
located in. This one tells us that there's a program to be built
called 'apps/openssl' (the file name extension will depend on the
platform and is therefore not mentioned in the build.info file). It's
built from one source file, 'apps/openssl.c', and building it requires
the use of '.' and 'include' include directories (both are declared
from the point of view of the 'apps/' directory), and that the program
depends on the library 'libssl' to function properly.

# crypto/build.info
LIBS=../libcrypto
SOURCE[../libcrypto]=aes.c evp.c cversion.c
DEPEND[cversion.o]=buildinf.h

GENERATE[buildinf.h]=../util/mkbuildinf.pl "$(CC) $(CFLAGS)" "$(PLATFORM)"
DEPEND[buildinf.h]=../Makefile

This is the build.info file in 'crypto', and it tells us a little more
about what's needed to produce 'libcrypto'. LIBS is used again to
declare that 'libcrypto' is to be produced. This declaration is
really unnecessary as it's already mentioned in the top build.info
file, but can make the info file easier to understand. This is to
show that duplicate information isn't an issue.

This build.info file informs us that 'libcrypto' is built from a few
source files, 'crypto/aes.c', 'crypto/evp.c' and 'crypto/cversion.c'.
It also shows us that building the object file inferred from
'crypto/cversion.c' depends on 'crypto/buildinf.h'. Finally, it
also shows the possibility to include raw build-file statements in a
build.info file, in this case showing how 'buildinf.h' is built on
Unix-like operating systems.

Two things are worth an extra note:

'DEPEND[cversion.o]' mentions an object file. DEPEND indexes is the
only location where it's valid to mention them

Lines in 'BEGINRAW'..'ENDRAW' sections must always mention files as
seen from the top directory, no exception.

# ssl/build.info
LIBS=../libssl
SOURCE[../libssl]=tls.c

This is the build.info file in 'ssl/', and it tells us that the
library 'libssl' is built from the source file 'ssl/tls.c'.

# engines/build.info
ENGINES=libossltest
SOURCE[libossltest]=e_ossltest.c
DEPEND[libossltest]=../libcrypto
INCLUDE[libossltest]=../include

This is the build.info file in 'engines/', telling us that an engine
called 'engines/libossltest' shall be built, that it's source is
'engines/e_ossltest.c' and that the include directory 'include/' may
be used when building anything that will be part of this engine.
Finally, the engine 'engines/libossltest' depends on the library
'libcrypto' to function properly.

When Configure digests these build.info files, the accumulated
information comes down to this:

LIBS=libcrypto libssl
ORDINALS[libcrypto]=crypto
SOURCE[libcrypto]=crypto/aes.c crypto/evp.c crypto/cversion.c
DEPEND[crypto/cversion.o]=crypto/buildinf.h
INCLUDE[libcrypto]=include
ORDINALS[libssl]=ssl
SOURCE[libssl]=ssl/tls.c
INCLUDE[libssl]=include
DEPEND[libssl]=libcrypto

PROGRAMS=apps/openssl
SOURCE[apps/openssl]=apps/openssl.c
INCLUDE[apps/openssl]=. include
DEPEND[apps/openssl]=libssl

ENGINES=engines/libossltest
SOURCE[engines/libossltest]=engines/e_ossltest.c
DEPEND[engines/libossltest]=libcrypto
INCLUDE[engines/libossltest]=include

GENERATE[crypto/buildinf.h]=util/mkbuildinf.pl "$(CC) $(CFLAGS)" "$(PLATFORM)"
DEPEND[crypto/buildinf.h]=Makefile


A few notes worth mentioning:

LIBS may be used to declare routine libraries only.

PROGRAMS may be used to declare programs only.

ENGINES may be used to declare engines only.

The indexes for SOURCE, INCLUDE and ORDINALS must only be end product
files, such as libraries, programs or engines. The values of SOURCE
variables must only be source files (possibly generated)

DEPEND shows a relationship between different produced files, such
as a program depending on a library, or between an object file and
some extra source file.

When Configure processes the build.info files, it will take it as
truth without question, and will therefore perform very few checks.
If the build tree is separate from the source tree, it will assume
that all built files and up in the build directory and that all source
files are to be found in the source tree, if they can be found there.
Configure will assume that source files that can't be found in the
source tree (such as 'crypto/bildinf.h' in the example above) are
generated and will be found in the build tree.


The %unified_info database
--------------------------

The information in all the build.info get digested by Configure and
collected into the %unified_info database, divided into the following
indexes:

depends => a hash table containing 'file' => [ 'dependency' ... ]
pairs. These are directly inferred from the DEPEND
variables in build.info files.

engines => a list of engines. These are directly inferred from
the ENGINES variable in build.info files.

includes => a hash table containing 'file' => [ 'include' ... ]
pairs. These are directly inferred from the INCLUDE
variables in build.info files.

libraries => a list of libraries. These are directly inferred from
the LIBS variable in build.info files.

ordinals => a hash table containing 'file' => [ 'word', 'ordfile' ]
pairs. 'file' and 'word' are directly inferred from
the ORDINALS variables in build.info files, while the
file 'ofile' comes from internal knowledge in
Configure.

programs => a list of programs. These are directly inferred from
the PROGRAMS variable in build.info files.

rawlines => a list of build-file lines. These are a direct copy of
the BEGINRAW..ENDRAW lines in build.info files. Note:
only the BEGINRAW..ENDRAW section for the current
platform are copied, the rest are ignored.

scripts => a list of scripts. There are directly inferred from
the SCRIPTS variable in build.info files.

sources => a hash table containing 'file' => [ 'sourcefile' ... ]
pairs. These are indirectly inferred from the SOURCE
variables in build.info files. Object files are
mentioned in this hash table, with source files from
SOURCE variables, and AS source files for programs and
libraries.

shared_sources =>
a hash table just like 'sources', but only as source
files (object files) for building shared libraries.

As an example, here is how the build.info files example from the
section above would be digested into a %unified_info table:

our %unified_info = (
"depends" =>
{
"apps/openssl" =>
[
"libssl",
],
"crypto/cversion.o" =>
[
"crypto/buildinf.h",
],
"engines/libossltest" =>
[
"libcrypto",
],
"libssl" =>
[
"libcrypto",
],
},
"engines" =>
[
"engines/libossltest",
],
"includes" =>
{
"apps/openssl" =>
[
".",
"include",
],
"engines/libossltest" =>
[
"include"
],
"libcrypto" =>
[
"include",
],
"libssl" =>
[
"include",
],
}
"libraries" =>
[
"libcrypto",
"libssl",
],
"ordinals" =>
{
"libcrypto" =>
[
"crypto",
"util/libcrypto.num",
],
"libssl" =>
[
"ssl",
"util/libssl.num",
],
},
"programs" =>
[
"apps/openssl",
],
"rawlines" =>
[
"crypto/buildinf.h : Makefile",
" perl util/mkbuildinf.h \"\$(CC) \$(CFLAGS)\" \"\$(PLATFORM)\" \\"
" > crypto/buildinf.h"
],
"sources" =>
{
"apps/openssl" =>
[
"apps/openssl.o",
],
"apps/openssl.o" =>
[
"apps/openssl.c",
],
"crypto/aes.o" =>
[
"crypto/aes.c",
],
"crypto/cversion.o" =>
[
"crypto/cversion.c",
],
"crypto/evp.o" =>
[
"crypto/evp.c",
],
"engines/e_ossltest.o" =>
[
"engines/e_ossltest.c",
],
"engines/libossltest" =>
[
"engines/e_ossltest.o",
],
"libcrypto" =>
[
"crypto/aes.c",
"crypto/cversion.c",
"crypto/evp.c",
],
"libssl" =>
[
"ssl/tls.c",
],
"ssl/tls.o" =>
[
"ssl/tls.c",
],
},
);

As can be seen, everything in %unified_info is fairly simple suggest
of information. Still, it tells us that to build all programs, we
must build 'apps/openssl', and to build the latter, we will need to
build all its sources ('apps/openssl.o' in this case) and all the
other things it depends on (such as 'libssl'). All those dependencies
need to be built as well, using the same logic, so to build 'libssl',
we need to build 'ssl/tls.o' as well as 'libcrypto', and to build the
latter...


Build-file templates
--------------------

Build-file templates are essentially build-files (such as Makefile on
Unix) with perl code fragments mixed in. Those perl code fragment
will generate all the configuration dependent data, including all the
rules needed to build end product files and intermediary files alike.
At a minimum, there must be a perl code fragment that defines a set of
functions that are used to generates specific build-file rules, to
build static libraries from object files, to build shared libraries
from static libraries, to programs from object files and libraries,
etc.

src2obj - function that produces build file lines to build an
object file from source files and associated data.

It's called like this:

src2obj(obj => "PATH/TO/objectfile",
srcs => [ "PATH/TO/sourcefile", ... ],
deps => [ "dep1", ... ],
incs => [ "INCL/PATH", ... ]
intent => one of "lib", "dso", "bin" );

'obj' has the intended object file *without*
extension, src2obj() is expected to add that.
'srcs' has the list of source files to build the
object file, with the first item being the source
file that directly corresponds to the object file.
'deps' is a list of explicit dependencies. 'incs'
is a list of include file directories. Finally,
'intent' indicates what this object file is going
to be used for.

obj2lib - function that produces build file lines to build a
static library file ("libfoo.a" in Unix terms) from
object files.

called like this:

obj2lib(lib => "PATH/TO/libfile",
objs => [ "PATH/TO/objectfile", ... ]);

'lib' has the intended library file name *without*
extension, obj2lib is expected to add that. 'objs'
has the list of object files (also *without*
extension) to build this library.

libobj2shlib - function that produces build file lines to build a
shareable object library file ("libfoo.so" in Unix
terms) from the corresponding static library file
or object files.

called like this:

libobj2shlib(shlib => "PATH/TO/shlibfile",
lib => "PATH/TO/libfile",
objs => [ "PATH/TO/objectfile", ... ],
deps => [ "PATH/TO/otherlibfile", ... ],
ordinals => [ "word", "/PATH/TO/ordfile" ]);

'lib' has the intended library file name *without*
extension, libobj2shlib is expected to add that.
'shlib' has the corresponding shared library name
*without* extension. 'deps' has the list of other
libraries (also *without* extension) this library
needs to be linked with. 'objs' has the list of
object files (also *without* extension) to build
this library. 'ordinals' MAY be present, and when
it is, its value is an array where the word is
"crypto" or "ssl" and the file is one of the ordinal
files util/libcrypto.num or util/libssl.num in the
source directory.

This function has a choice; it can use the
corresponding static library as input to make the
shared library, or the list of object files.

obj2dynlib - function that produces build file lines to build a
dynamically loadable library file ("libfoo.so" on
Unix) from object files.

called like this:

obj2dynlib(lib => "PATH/TO/libfile",
objs => [ "PATH/TO/objectfile", ... ],
deps => [ "PATH/TO/otherlibfile",
... ]);

This is almost the same as libobj2shlib, but the
intent is to build a shareable library that can be
loaded in runtime (a "plugin"...). The differences
are subtle, one of the most visible ones is that the
resulting shareable library is produced from object
files only.

obj2bin - function that produces build file lines to build an
executable file from object files.

called like this:

obj2bin(bin => "PATH/TO/binfile",
objs => [ "PATH/TO/objectfile", ... ],
deps => [ "PATH/TO/libfile", ... ]);

'bin' has the intended executable file name
*without* extension, obj2bin is expected to add
that. 'objs' has the list of object files (also
*without* extension) to build this library. 'deps'
has the list of library files (also *without*
extension) that the programs needs to be linked
with.

in2script - function that produces build file lines to build a
script file from some input.

called like this:

in2script(script => "PATH/TO/scriptfile",
sources => [ "PATH/TO/infile", ... ]);

'script' has the intended script file name.
'sources' has the list of source files to build the
resulting script from.

Along with the build-file templates is the driving engine
Configurations/common.tmpl, which looks through all the information in
%unified_info and generates all the rulesets to build libraries,
programs and all intermediate files, using the rule generating
functions defined in the build-file template.

As an example with the smaller build.info set we've seen as an
example, producing the rules to build 'libssl' would result in the
following calls:

# Note: libobj2shlib will only be called if shared libraries are
# to be produced.
# Note 2: libobj2shlib gets both the name of the static library
# and the names of all the object files that go into it. It's up
# to the implementation to decide which to use as input.
libobj2shlib(shlib => "libssl",
lib => "libssl",
objs => [ "ssl/tls.o" ],
deps => [ "libcrypto" ]
ordinals => [ "ssl", "util/libssl.num" ]);

obj2lib(lib => "libssl"
objs => [ "ssl/tls.o" ]);

# Note 3: common.tmpl peals off the ".o" extension, as the
# platform at hand may have a different one.
src2obj(obj => "ssl/tls"
srcs => [ "ssl/tls.c" ],
deps => [ ],
incs => [ "include" ]);

src2dep(obj => "ssl/tls"
srcs => [ "ssl/tls.c" ],
incs => [ "include" ]);

The returned strings from all those calls are then concatenated
together and written to the resulting build-file.