A local copy of OpenSSL from GitHub
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#!/bin/sh
OPENSSL=../../apps/openssl
OPENSSL_CONF=../../apps/openssl.cnf
export OPENSSL_CONF
# Root CA: create certificate directly
CN="Test Root CA" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -x509 -nodes \
-keyout root.pem -out root.pem -newkey rsa:2048 -days 3650
# Intermediate CA: request first
CN="Test Intermediate CA" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -nodes \
-keyout intkey.pem -out intreq.pem -newkey rsa:2048
# Sign request: CA extensions
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in intreq.pem -CA root.pem -days 3600 \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions v3_ca -CAcreateserial -out intca.pem
# Server certificate: create request first
CN="Test Server Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -nodes \
-keyout skey.pem -out req.pem -newkey rsa:1024
# Sign request: end entity extensions
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in req.pem -CA intca.pem -CAkey intkey.pem -days 3600 \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions usr_cert -CAcreateserial -out server.pem
# Client certificate: request first
CN="Test Client Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -nodes \
-keyout ckey.pem -out creq.pem -newkey rsa:1024
# Sign using intermediate CA
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in creq.pem -CA intca.pem -CAkey intkey.pem -days 3600 \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions usr_cert -CAcreateserial -out client.pem
# Revoked certificate: request first
CN="Test Revoked Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -nodes \
-keyout revkey.pem -out rreq.pem -newkey rsa:1024
# Sign using intermediate CA
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in rreq.pem -CA intca.pem -CAkey intkey.pem -days 3600 \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions usr_cert -CAcreateserial -out rev.pem
# OCSP responder certificate: request first
CN="Test OCSP Responder Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -nodes \
-keyout respkey.pem -out respreq.pem -newkey rsa:1024
# Sign using intermediate CA and responder extensions
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in respreq.pem -CA intca.pem -CAkey intkey.pem -days 3600 \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions ocsp_cert -CAcreateserial -out resp.pem
# Example creating a PKCS#3 DH certificate.
# First DH parameters
[ -f dhp.pem ] || $OPENSSL genpkey -genparam -algorithm DH -pkeyopt dh_paramgen_prime_len:1024 -out dhp.pem
# Now a DH private key
$OPENSSL genpkey -paramfile dhp.pem -out dhskey.pem
# Create DH public key file
$OPENSSL pkey -in dhskey.pem -pubout -out dhspub.pem
# Certificate request, key just reuses old one as it is ignored when the
# request is signed.
CN="Test Server DH Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -new \
-key skey.pem -out dhsreq.pem
# Sign request: end entity DH extensions
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in dhsreq.pem -CA root.pem -days 3600 \
-force_pubkey dhspub.pem \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions dh_cert -CAcreateserial -out dhserver.pem
# DH client certificate
$OPENSSL genpkey -paramfile dhp.pem -out dhckey.pem
$OPENSSL pkey -in dhckey.pem -pubout -out dhcpub.pem
CN="Test Client DH Cert" $OPENSSL req -config ca.cnf -new \
-key skey.pem -out dhcreq.pem
$OPENSSL x509 -req -in dhcreq.pem -CA root.pem -days 3600 \
-force_pubkey dhcpub.pem \
-extfile ca.cnf -extensions dh_cert -CAcreateserial -out dhclient.pem
# Examples of CRL generation without the need to use 'ca' to issue
# certificates.
# Create zero length index file
>index.txt
# Create initial crl number file
echo 01 >crlnum.txt
# Add entries for server and client certs
$OPENSSL ca -valid server.pem -keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem \
-config ca.cnf -md sha1
$OPENSSL ca -valid client.pem -keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem \
-config ca.cnf -md sha1
$OPENSSL ca -valid rev.pem -keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem \
-config ca.cnf -md sha1
# Generate a CRL.
$OPENSSL ca -gencrl -keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem -config ca.cnf \
-md sha1 -crldays 1 -out crl1.pem
# Revoke a certificate
openssl ca -revoke rev.pem -crl_reason superseded \
-keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem -config ca.cnf -md sha1
# Generate another CRL
$OPENSSL ca -gencrl -keyfile root.pem -cert root.pem -config ca.cnf \
-md sha1 -crldays 1 -out crl2.pem